European Journal of Sustainable Development https://www.ecsdev.org/ojs/index.php/ejsd en-US editor@ecsdev.org (Prof. Gian Paolo Caselli) contact@ecsdev.org (Diamantina Allushaj) Thu, 01 Oct 2020 00:03:29 +0200 OJS 3.2.1.0 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Towards a Holistic Sustainability Evaluation for Transport Alternatives https://www.ecsdev.org/ojs/index.php/ejsd/article/view/1110 <p class="03ABSTRACT"><span lang="EN-US">The transport sector is responsible for a broad range of ecologic impacts, e.g., energy consumption, greenhouse gas emission or air pollution. It is therefore highly important to assess transport solutions in terms of their sustainability. Widely used approaches for sustainability analysis in the transport sector include life cycle assessment (LCA), economic approach, multi-criteria decision analysis (MDCA), and assessments based on indicators. In practice, these approaches consist of several methods, i.e., product-based LCA, fleet-based LCA, cost benefit analysis (CBA), cost effectiveness analysis (CEA), value measurement MDCA, ideal-solution based MDCA, outranking MDCA, and indicator-based assessment. Even though there is a larger number of assessment methods, a holistic framework for sustainability evaluation of different transport solutions is still missing. Selection of suitable assessment methods depends on a vast array of factors. This paper proposes to utilise “application levels” for the selection process. Firstly, the paper provides an analysis of the application levels of the common assessment methods and evaluation criteria within the transport sector based on a literature review. The application levels are illustrated by identifying two dimensions, namely system level and decision-making level, ranging from Low to High. Afterwards, a six-step framework for a holistic evaluation of transport alternatives is proposed. </span></p> <p class="03ABSTRACT"><span lang="EN-US">&nbsp;</span><em><span lang="EN-US">Keywords: sustainability assessment, economic approach, indicator-based assessment, life cycle assessment, multi-criteria decision analysis, sustainable transport</span></em></p> Thu Trang Nguyen, Helmut Brunner, Mario Hirz Copyright (c) 2020 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://www.ecsdev.org/ojs/index.php/ejsd/article/view/1110 Thu, 01 Oct 2020 00:00:00 +0200 The Solution to Safety Crisis in Railways after Privatisation https://www.ecsdev.org/ojs/index.php/ejsd/article/view/1111 <p class="03ABSTRACT"><span lang="EN-US">Privatisation of infrastructure is expected to improve the effectiveness of operation, whereas it is possible to cause excessive rationalization. Especially in the field of railways, excessive rationalization causes fewer investments in the maintenance of assets and undermines safety. Railways play a critical role to develop the economy in a sustainable way and have a significant impact in the region, but their safety must be prioritised. In fact, the UK government privatised British Rail and founded Railtrack, which was specialised in the railway track maintenance, but the Hatfield accident raised awareness for safety and led to the renationalising Railtrack into Network Rail. Likewise, in Japan, National Railways was privatised and divided into separate companies (JR), but among them JR Hokkaido has been causing a large number of accidents and troubles. Based on the review of the process and outcomes of the privatisation of railways in the UK and Japan, this paper discusses the way to improve their safety sustainably. In conclusion, it validates the intervention of governments in railway companies suffering from poor financial health.</span></p> <p class="03ABSTRACT"><span lang="EN-US">&nbsp;</span><em><span lang="EN-US">Keywords: Privatisation, Railways, Safety, British Rail, Railtrack, Network Rail, Governmental intervention</span></em></p> Hiroki Ito Copyright (c) 2020 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://www.ecsdev.org/ojs/index.php/ejsd/article/view/1111 Thu, 01 Oct 2020 00:00:00 +0200 Strategies to Improve Hazardous Waste Management at the Faculty of Engineering Vitoria-Gasteiz UPV/EHU https://www.ecsdev.org/ojs/index.php/ejsd/article/view/1112 <p class="03ABSTRACT"><span lang="EN-US">Universities, considered as agents of social change, are essential for providing knowledge, innovations and solutions to the community, in order to nurture future leaders towards sustainable development. Therefore, universities are uniquely positioned to assist with implementing the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) and 169 targets to promote economic prosperity, social inclusion and environmental sustainability. In this context, the University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), with the initiative Campus Bizia Lab Programme (CBL), sees the SDG as a route map to bring the work of the university community (academic staff, service and administrative staff, and students) into line the major challenges facing the planet and people. As the production of hazardous waste (HW) has grown exponentially in recent years at the UPV/EHU, becoming an environmental problem of our time, the objective of this work, which is within the CBL, is to analyse the current HW management system at the Faculty of Engineering Vitoria-Gasteiz UPV/EHU and to develop strategies to minimize them and reduce the costs associated with their management. To this end, the data collected over the period 2013-2018 have been analyzed and different strategies have been proposed according to the 28 good practices stablished by the UPV/EHU.</span></p> <p class="04KEYWORD"><em><span lang="EN-US">Keywords: Environment, Sustainability, Sustainability Development Goals, University Community, Hazardous Waste</span></em></p> Ainara Saralegi, Naiara Rojo, Jon Alvarez, Loli Encinas, Josune Amurrio Copyright (c) 2020 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://www.ecsdev.org/ojs/index.php/ejsd/article/view/1112 Thu, 01 Oct 2020 00:00:00 +0200 Water Resources Management in Vulnerable Ecosystems: Quiroz River Basin, Piura https://www.ecsdev.org/ojs/index.php/ejsd/article/view/1113 <p>According to the IPCC (2014), access to water resources is increasingly limited due to the effects of climate change; in consequence, vulnerability of ecosystems and their inhabitants increases. Thus, it is necessary to develop socio-organizational capacities to mitigate and adapt to this scenario, where retribution mechanisms for ecosystem services (MRSE for its Spanish acronym) become more relevant. The research attempts to analyze the coordination among agents involved in sustainable water resources management, to face climate change vulnerability in high biodiversity areas. For this purpose, the implementation of the Quiroz-Chira water fund will be studied as a case that generates institutionalism for sustainability of this mechanism and that represents an important social innovation that can be replicated. The methodology has a descriptive scope and applies qualitative techniques that complement secondary sources systematized with WebQDA software. Results indicate high vulnerability of the analyzed basin districts and a correct governance in this innovation, both with a sustainable development approach oriented to conservation of water potential. This implies good articulation for implementation of the MRSE and promotion of interests’ unification between contributors and water resources retributive entities.</p> <p><em>Keywords: Climate change, Sustainable development, Watershed, Governance, Ecosystem services</em></p> Marta Tostes, Mirian Espejo, Enrique Macedo, Fidel Torres Copyright (c) 2020 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://www.ecsdev.org/ojs/index.php/ejsd/article/view/1113 Thu, 01 Oct 2020 00:00:00 +0200 Soil Organic Carbon in Godech Municipality, Western Bulgaria https://www.ecsdev.org/ojs/index.php/ejsd/article/view/1114 <p class="03ABSTRACT"><span lang="EN-US">The current study aims at examining soil organic carbon levels at the territory of Godech Municipality - one of the municipalities of Sofia Province, located in the western part of Bulgaria. The investigation includes information about some of the latest global studies, regarding soil organic carbon, including those, conducted on Bulgarian territory. Soil organic carbon plays a key role in overall carbon sequestration and it plays a key role for sustainable development. A basis of the study is the investigation of Hengl et al. (2017) who created a global soil grids at 250 m resolution. Their datasets consist of prediction data about carbon contents in g per kg at the following depths: 0 cm, 5 cm, 15 cm, 30 cm, 60 cm, 100 cm and 200 cm. This data is analyzed and developed for the purposes of the current study. Generally, soil organic carbon contents in Godech Municipality decrease from north to south, with the largest carbon pool in Berkvoska Mountain. There is an increase of carbon stocks from subsoil to topsoil, which is consistent with other results. The outcomes of the study prove to be successful and they can be applied in other investigations of this subject.</span></p> <p class="03ABSTRACT"><em><span lang="EN-US">&nbsp;</span><span lang="EN-US">Keywords: carbon sequestration, soil organic carbon, sustainability</span></em></p> Borislav Grigorov, Assen Assenov Copyright (c) 2020 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://www.ecsdev.org/ojs/index.php/ejsd/article/view/1114 Thu, 01 Oct 2020 00:00:00 +0200 Dissemination of Environmental Information in the E-Governance system: World Trends and Experience for Ukraine https://www.ecsdev.org/ojs/index.php/ejsd/article/view/1115 <p>The UN E-Government Survey 2016 on «E-Government in Support of Sustainable Development» offers a brief overview of e-government trends in the world. According to the survey, more and more governments are using information technology to provide services and engage people in decision-making processes in rural areas in their countries. Talking about the emerging economies in East Europe, the Ukrainian economy is growing faster with 50% of population living in rural areas, which develops incredible pressure on the government to give more focus on many ways of environmental safety of Ukraine. Ukraine is predominantly rural country and in order to improve the environmental conditions it is important that both central and local governments carried out national environment information activity. Modern information technology helps to disseminate environmental information in rural areas and is a major provider of information opportunities for the rural population. By 2020 Ukrainian government has a goal to achieve interaction at all levels by electronic mode. There are various electronic databases that are already functioning at the national level such as the Real Estate Register, Public Cadastral Map, etc. that can help the Ukrainian government to achieve greater transparency and successful governance. However, access to such registers is currently not possible for regional communities. Therefore, disposing of environmental information, avoiding environmental threats to the local population and enhancing the effectiveness of local governance is a goal for local governments. This paper offers a modern vision of information technologies in the field of natural resources management. E-government projects and ways to solve problems in the sphere of dissemination of information in rural areas in order to improve e-governance in contemporary Ukraine were explored.</p> <p><em>Keywords: Environmental information, information human rights, sustainable development, EU environmental policy</em></p> Viktor Ladychenko, Olena Chomakhashvili, Olena Uliutina, Julia Kanaryk Copyright (c) 2020 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://www.ecsdev.org/ojs/index.php/ejsd/article/view/1115 Thu, 01 Oct 2020 00:00:00 +0200 Acceptance of the Abolition of New Year's Eve Fireworks: A Theoretical and Empirical Analysis under the Aspect of Sustainability https://www.ecsdev.org/ojs/index.php/ejsd/article/view/1116 <p>Actually, discussions about a prohibition of fireworks are becoming more and more fluent. This topic is discussed in this paper in an empirically comprehensible manner, including sustainability aspects. The aim of the paper is to determine to what extent fireworks are harmful to people and the environment and under what circumstances citizens are prepared to dispense New Year's Eve fireworks. At the same time, it is unclear who is responsible for these issues. Politics are often blamed for solving problems like this, especially when there is no clear opinion in society. On the other hand, political intervention is in clear conflict with the free market economy and the independent economic actions of individuals. The study is based on a survey carried out in the city of Schwäbisch Hall. A valid database was created to achieve trustful data. The definition of concrete recommendations for action that can be applied in Schwäbisch Hall is another result of this paper.</p> <p><em>Keywords: Fireworks, sustainability, theoretical analysis, empirical analysis</em></p> Wanja Wellbrock, Daniela Ludin, Erika Müller, Maximilian Weiß, Matthias Zeh, Wolfgang Gerstlberger Copyright (c) 2020 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://www.ecsdev.org/ojs/index.php/ejsd/article/view/1116 Thu, 01 Oct 2020 00:00:00 +0200 Community Preparedness for Disasters in Delhi: An Empirical Evaluation https://www.ecsdev.org/ojs/index.php/ejsd/article/view/1117 <p>Background: During a disaster, the community remains the primary and the sole line of response for quite long time period and therefore, incorporating local communities in disaster recovery and risk reduction is crucial, critical component. Aim: Evaluating the vulnerability of a selected society on four aspects: Information, Awareness, Training and Preparedness in a multi hazard prone state of Delhi, India, constitutes the central focal point of this study. Methodology: The data primarily was collected through two separate questionnaires administered to the sample of 726 respondents in the age group of 15 – 75 years. Community was sub-divided into two groups – First included professionals, housewives, retired persons (n= 280) and second included students of school (n=160) and college/university level (n= 286). The sampling technique employed was stratified random with methodology as empirical and analytical. Findings: The study affirms, firstly, that there is lack of awareness of the community about disaster plan, its components and agencies entrusted with disaster planning; secondly, there is a vague understanding about their role both during and post disaster; thirdly, significance of participation in training is also underestimated. Recommendations: A roadmap for increasing resilience of communities through effective training and outreach programs for capacity building up for the ‘whole’ community.&nbsp;</p> <p><em>Keywords: Disaster risk reduction, community preparedness, resilience, participation, disaster management</em></p> Upma Gautam, Deeksha Bajpai Tewari Copyright (c) 2020 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://www.ecsdev.org/ojs/index.php/ejsd/article/view/1117 Thu, 01 Oct 2020 00:00:00 +0200 The Role of Family Policy in Solving Demographic Problems: Study of the Polish Program Family 500+ https://www.ecsdev.org/ojs/index.php/ejsd/article/view/1119 <p>This article offers a critical reflection on the Programme “Family 500+” introduced by the Polish government and aimed at improving the financial situation of Polish families in order to increase the fertility rate. Families have been supported with the benefit of 500 PLN given for each child under 18. The article presents the results of the research carried out in 2019 on the representatives of the households (N= 3347). The interviewees most frequently pointed to the increase of the quality of living conditions and the increase in the consumption of goods and services. Approximately 80% of the interviewees have noticed the fact that the benefit boosted potential development of children by enabling them to participate in the extracurricular activities and visit leisure centers. 64,7% of the interviewees believe that the Programme let them have savings and 17,8% of respondents claim that the benefit will not contribute to their savings but will be consumed on a day-to-day basis. Despite the initial assumptions of the Programme , the policy of pronatalism was not achieved as the fertility rate did not reach the assumed level. It must be stated that even though the legislative activities constitute a milestone in the Polish pro-family policy these solutions have many disadvantages. The Programme should not be the main tool of the Polish demographic policy but just supplementary.</p> <p><em>&nbsp;Keywords: Family 500+ Programme; family policy; demographic policy; State Aid for Child Support Act; household finance; family benefits</em></p> Sławomir Wilk Copyright (c) 2020 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://www.ecsdev.org/ojs/index.php/ejsd/article/view/1119 Thu, 01 Oct 2020 00:00:00 +0200 Entrepreneurial Education in the Context of the Imperative Development of Sustainable Business https://www.ecsdev.org/ojs/index.php/ejsd/article/view/1120 <p>Entrepreneurial education is one of the fastest growing areas in the world today, with a growing interest in academia, which allows the possibility of linking current labor market needs to academic theory. The purpose of this article is to make a positive contribution to the formation of future entrepreneurship programs, by analyzing existing curricula to identify potential educational gaps, as well as to identify the skills needed by students in the context of sustainable business development. This will allow entrepreneurial trainers to exchange ideas that facilitate collective learning and help inform researchers about the future directions of education. This article will focus on the analysis of existing entrepreneurship education at the international level, as well as on the development of suggestions on how entrepreneurship education can progress further, as a way of shaping the future development of the economy.</p> <p><em>Keywords: entrepreneurial education, sustainable business, sustainable development</em></p> Carmen Valentina Rădulescu, Sorin Burlacu, Dumitru Alexandru Bodislav, Florina Bran Copyright (c) 2020 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://www.ecsdev.org/ojs/index.php/ejsd/article/view/1120 Thu, 01 Oct 2020 00:00:00 +0200 The Urban-rural Continuum: A New Approach to the Future Planning for Rural China https://www.ecsdev.org/ojs/index.php/ejsd/article/view/1121 <p>China’s urbanization has brought benefits to cities, but the price is the deterioration of the urban ecological environment. As a result of long-term urban-rural dualism, China has actively supported cities, and then cities have occupied nature-based rural areas. Even though China has been aware of the ecological deterioration and has issued rural ecological policies, there is still the existing contradiction between urban expansion and rural protection development. China’s future planning will place greater emphasis on rural areas, and people have just entered the exploration phase. In this regard, the theory of “the urban-rural continuum” proposed by an American anthropologist William Skinner is extended to the field of architecture and planning to explore a sustainable method of urban-rural development. It offers a spatial model to describe China’s traditional social structure, from villages to cities, combined by the community of a standard market town.&nbsp; It underlies a polycentric model with a communal structure that can further balance the urban-rural relationships and realize the sustainable development in the countryside.</p> <p><em>Keywords: the urban-rural continuum, green city, community, sustainable planning, rural heritage</em></p> Mao Lin Copyright (c) 2020 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://www.ecsdev.org/ojs/index.php/ejsd/article/view/1121 Thu, 01 Oct 2020 00:00:00 +0200 Is Homeworking a Better Option in the Digital Era? An Empirical Research across EU Member States https://www.ecsdev.org/ojs/index.php/ejsd/article/view/1122 <p>The complex and also very dynamic progress of information and communication technologies (ICT) enabled workforce to become more increasingly mobile. By consequence, the companies across the world have already adapted their work arrangements, offering more and more flexibility to their employees, to name just a few examples: homeworking, outsourcing, crowdsourcing, part-time work, temporary work, flexible working time. Our scientific approach represents an in-depth analysis of the homeworking trend within the EU Member States, by factors such as country and gender. It also examines the way ICT have evolved in enterprises across all Member States and provides specific trends per country. Furthermore, the research presents a comparative study of how the ICT skills enabled by companies has evolved over the last years and improved employee’s lives. The results of our approach show that work from home trends increased in all EU Member States in parallel with the development of digital skills. This development make the companies to be more competitive on the market in attracting and retaining employees. In practice, companies will be required to diversify their work programs and allow flexibility in terms of working schedules and actual location of work. Of course, at the same time, the management of each company must pay a special attention to develop the ICT skills, so that people are properly equipped to perform efficiently and ensuring that the organizational performance is maintained at highest standards.</p> <p><em>Keywords: flexible workplace, work from home, information and communication technologies</em></p> Daniela Predeţeanu-Dragne, Ion Tudor , Dan Popescu, Valentina Nicolae Copyright (c) 2020 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://www.ecsdev.org/ojs/index.php/ejsd/article/view/1122 Thu, 01 Oct 2020 00:00:00 +0200 Education for Sustainable Development (ESD) in China’s Local Primary Schools: A Pilot Study https://www.ecsdev.org/ojs/index.php/ejsd/article/view/1123 <p class="03ABSTRACT"><span lang="EN-US">This study discusses the current status of ESD implementation in three primary schools and examines factors that have impacted the implementation of ESD in a district of an urban Chinese cities. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with three primary school principals and three school teachers. Thematic analysis was used to analyze the data. Three themes emerged that have impacted ESD implementation in this pilot study are discussed: the definition of ESD, lack of local education support, and exam pressures. The results suggested that ESD is underdeveloped in the selected context of urban China. Further investigation is required to capture the whole scope of ESD implementations in China’s primary education. </span></p> <p class="03ABSTRACT"><span lang="EN-US">&nbsp;</span><em><span lang="EN-US">Keywords: Education for Sustainable Development; Primary Education; Case Study; Teacher and Principal; China</span><span lang="EN-US">&nbsp;</span></em></p> Ronghui (Kevin) Zhou Copyright (c) 2020 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://www.ecsdev.org/ojs/index.php/ejsd/article/view/1123 Thu, 01 Oct 2020 00:00:00 +0200 Cultural Consumption as a Trait of a Sustainable Lifestyle: Evidence from the European Union https://www.ecsdev.org/ojs/index.php/ejsd/article/view/1124 <p class="03ABSTRACT"><span lang="EN-US">At a first sight, the consumption of cultural goods, services, events, and activities is expected to improve significantly the individual's wellbeing and quality of life and, reciprocally, overall good quality of life should stimulate the cultural access, participation, and consumption. First evidence that things could stay differently comes from the European Union where, paradoxically, the relatively high overall quality of life does not correspond to a similar level of cultural access, participation, and consumption. Are there significant connections between the consumption of cultural goods, services, events, and activities and the overall quality of life? Does cultural consumption contribute to a sound improvement of the individual's quality of life? May cultural consumption be defined as a trait of a sustainable lifestyle? These are the main questions this paper aims to answer based on the secondary data regarding cultural access, participation, and consumption, and quality of life at the level of the European Union.</span></p> <p class="03ABSTRACT"><em><span lang="EN-US">Keywords: Cultural consumption, quality of life, sustainable development</span></em></p> Călin Vegheș Copyright (c) 2020 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://www.ecsdev.org/ojs/index.php/ejsd/article/view/1124 Thu, 01 Oct 2020 00:00:00 +0200 Evaluation of the Barrier-Free Tourism and Sustainability of the Barrier-Free Society in Cyprus https://www.ecsdev.org/ojs/index.php/ejsd/article/view/1125 <p>The main aim of the current study is to evaluate the opinions of the students at the departments of tourism and special education towards to the concept of sustainability of barrier-free tourism and society therefore with the light of this aim, and current study attempted to address how disabled individuals could have an access to the tourism and life opportunities as well as the challenges that they are experiencing while having an access to these opportunities, probable solutions which might be employed to cope with these challenges, universal rights of the disabled individuals about having an access and transportation in contexts barrier-free tourism practices in TRNCThe current study employed a semi-structured interview as a data collection tool. The study group of the current research consisted of 80 participants who are the students at the tourism and specialized education teaching departments at Near East University and the University of Kyrenia. Data were collected with 20 minutes face to face interviews. While performing data analysis, responses of the participants were categorized and placed to the tables and then the researcher(s) re-examined the classified data set and formed underlying themes and categories. With the light of the findings, it can be stated that education at universities, secondary and primary schools should be intensified to inject necessary information to the students regarding barrier free tourism and provision of&nbsp; health care services for disabled people. At the reffered point. joint commitment should be carried among ministry of education, tourism, heallth and municipalities to raise public awareness regarding barrier free tourism. Additionally media and press should design more programs regarding barrier free tourism at their broadcasting stream to raise public awareness, and in-service trainings for disabled people should be provided to employees in hotels.</p> <p><em>Keywords: Barrier- Free Tourism, Sustainable Society, Education, Accessibility, Awareness</em></p> Fahriye Altinay, Zehra Altinay, Mehmet Altinay, Gökmen Dagli Copyright (c) 2020 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://www.ecsdev.org/ojs/index.php/ejsd/article/view/1125 Thu, 01 Oct 2020 00:00:00 +0200 Education for Sustainable Development in the Value System of Teachers https://www.ecsdev.org/ojs/index.php/ejsd/article/view/1126 <p>Еducation for sustainable development shows all the necessary from sustainable development concept in unity of ecologic, social-cultural, and economic spheres. The reduction of education for sustainable development to the issue of environmental education poses a threat to the values ​​associated with the humanistic interpretation of education. Firstly, it is the absolutization of environmental values and the lack of effective synthesis of these values with social values, and economic values partly. Secondly, there is a lack of needs and values of teachers and value-methodological principles of integration of environmental and humanistic values. Thirdly, to a large extent on the periphery of education for sustainable development are the problems of transformation of society itself, social relations, culture, ways of communication, interaction of people with each other, as well as the emotional component of such interaction. One of the possible ways to solve these problems can be considered the formation of new, more adapted to the needs of sustainable development of value-cognitive characteristics of teachers. The new model of education should provide a focus on people as the main object of sustainable development, subordinating value changes to the task of socialization and humanization of social development, taking into account environmental constraints. Based on the results of the study, it is necessary to pay attention to the development of social intelligence, emotional intelligence, communicative intelligence and practical intelligence. For more adequate training of professionals in the field of education for sustainable development, it is advisable to expand cooperation with governmental and non-governmental organizations.</p> <p><em>Key words: education, sustainable development, humanism, ecology, training, values, social intelligence</em></p> Tetyana Galtseva, Svitlana Svitich, Andriy Kutsiy, Victoria Savchenko, Tetyana Strukova Copyright (c) 2020 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://www.ecsdev.org/ojs/index.php/ejsd/article/view/1126 Thu, 01 Oct 2020 00:00:00 +0200 Economic-Ecological Analysis of Sustainable Development in Romania https://www.ecsdev.org/ojs/index.php/ejsd/article/view/1127 <p>The intense industrial exploitation of resources and the continuous degradation of the environment have determined an ecological crisis of care requires a sustainable strategy. The concept of sustainable development permanently determines or re-evaluates the connection between man and nature and is committed to solidarity between the generations as a single viable option for long lung growth. In the article, the theme of the long-term impact in the world terms on the processes developed in Romania is presented and analyzed, a necessary passage for a sustainable economic growth, but there is an existing resource and the possibility to stimulate and capitalize on an economic factor in this the transition to this new stage of use.</p> <p><em>Keywords: sustainable development, strategies, ecological, perspectives</em></p> Roxana Sarbu, Antoneta Marcela Niculescu, Ovidiu Andrei Cristian Buzoianu, Svetlana Platagea Gombos Copyright (c) 2020 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://www.ecsdev.org/ojs/index.php/ejsd/article/view/1127 Thu, 01 Oct 2020 00:00:00 +0200 Ethnocentrism in Polish Consumer Food Behaviour as a Determinant of Short Supply Chain Development https://www.ecsdev.org/ojs/index.php/ejsd/article/view/1128 <p>The main purpose of this research is to investigate the phenomenon of ethnocentrism in the food behaviour of Poles as a possible determinant of the development of short supply chains. For this purpose, primary and secondary tests were carried out. The primary studies examine the level of ethnocentrism in the food behaviour of Poles, while secondary data analysis focuses on finding a relation between this phenomenon and the development of short supply chains. The primary source of the survey consists in the results of an online and distributed survey covering the whole of Poland. A total of 660 people took part in the study. The main secondary sources used in the work include the latest publications in peer-reviewed scientific journals. Across the studies covered by this paper it was found that ethnocentrism is clearly observable in the food behaviours of Poles and it might have significant influence on the development of short supply chains.</p> <p><em>Keywords: ethnocentrism; short supply chain; food behaviour</em></p> Gabriela Hanus Copyright (c) 2020 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://www.ecsdev.org/ojs/index.php/ejsd/article/view/1128 Thu, 01 Oct 2020 00:00:00 +0200 Sustainable Development of Society in the Context of the Transformation of the Legal Framework https://www.ecsdev.org/ojs/index.php/ejsd/article/view/1129 <p>The socio-economic processes in the world and in Europe are highly dynamic and are aimed at a sustainable development of society. The sustainable and balanced development of society determines the need for the development of coherent and objectively justified elements of the legal system, including the creation of a new legal framework, the permanent reform of law enforcement authorities, and the use of national and international legal practices in socio-economic activities. At present the sustainable development of society is affected by a new socially unfavourable phenomenon COVID-19&nbsp; that has a global impact on all regions of the world and almost all spheres of life. International organizations and national institutions must be responsible, courageous and determined in tackling the challenges of the crisis and in building a new generation. The global crisis can be a unique opportunity not only to successfully overcome its consequences, but also to ensure a transition to a fair, climate-neutral and digital sustainable Europe. In this context innovative thinking, successful use of modern technologies, transition to new models of social, economic, political and legal governance are needed. In general, this will contribute to the development of the sustainable society based on a full legal framework. Research aim: to identify the current state of the sustainable development of society, including the impact of COVID-19, by modelling the potential development of it, in accordance with the perspective of transnational socio-economic development. Research methods: study of legal literature and literary sources, the Internet resources, method of modelling, as well as descriptive and analytical methods.&nbsp;</p> <p><em>Keywords:&nbsp; COVID-19, sustainable development, crisis, society, the legal framework</em></p> Andrejs Vilks, Aldona Kipāne Copyright (c) 2020 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://www.ecsdev.org/ojs/index.php/ejsd/article/view/1129 Thu, 01 Oct 2020 00:00:00 +0200 Implementation of EU Environmental Policy in Ukraine: Directions and Perspectives https://www.ecsdev.org/ojs/index.php/ejsd/article/view/1130 <p>The purpose of our article is to investigate the process of approximation of Ukrainian environmental legislation to EU law. The range of issues that Ukraine has reformed in the field of environment has been investigated. The state of compliance of Ukrainian environmental legislation with the commitments under the EU-Ukraine Association Agreement was revealed. The problems of further effective application in practice of the adopted regulatory legal acts, strategies and action plans were disclosed. Particular attention was paid to water legislation and legislation in the field of waste management. The current state of the sphere of solid waste management in Ukraine was revealed. The state of adaptation of Ukrainian water legislation to the requirements of the European Union law has been investigated. Ways to improve Ukraine's environmental policy on waste and water policy based on European experience were substantiated. The methods of comparative law, statistical, analytical and logical analysis were used.</p> <p><em>&nbsp;Keywords: EU Environmental policy, environmental law, EU water policy, EU waste policy, Ukrainian environmental legislation</em></p> Liudmyla Golovko, Maksym Kutsevych, Viktoriia Serediuk, Olga Bogdan Copyright (c) 2020 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://www.ecsdev.org/ojs/index.php/ejsd/article/view/1130 Thu, 01 Oct 2020 00:00:00 +0200 Families Benefiting from Social Assistance in Poland - Strategies and Barriers to Poverty Reduction https://www.ecsdev.org/ojs/index.php/ejsd/article/view/1131 <p class="03ABSTRACT"><span lang="EN-US">The article aims to characterize the remedial strategies undertaken by Polish families using social assistance to minimize material deprivation and the main barriers to empowerment of such families. The source of data are the results obtained as part of the author's own research, which were conducted with social workers in Poland and had quantitative (500 CATI) and qualitative (90 IDI) nature. In families living in difficult economic conditions, both active and passive activities are used to obtain the missing funds. Active strategies include taking up a job (permanent, additional or occasional, legal or in the so-called ‘gray area’), selling or exchanging skills, time and goods, borrowing money, or applying for support to institutions (which is mainly a female domain). Women also implement many passive strategies that involve saving or reducing consumption by, for example, preparing dishes from cheap products, shopping in places with the lowest prices, buying second-hand items, etc. The main barriers to minimizing the poverty of families benefiting from social assistance in Poland are related to their life attitude and the gender of its members. Remedial strategies for difficult financial situations undertaken by poor families benefiting from social assistance vary depending on the type of family, problem(s) they experience and the resources they have. The strategies undertaken also depend on the gender of family members experiencing poverty. </span></p> <p class="03ABSTRACT"><span lang="EN-US">&nbsp;</span><em><span lang="EN-US">Keywords: poverty, family, social assistance, social worker, gender</span></em></p> Magdalena Pokrzywa Copyright (c) 2020 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://www.ecsdev.org/ojs/index.php/ejsd/article/view/1131 Thu, 01 Oct 2020 00:00:00 +0200 Legal Culture as a Condition for Sustainable Development of Ukrainian Society https://www.ecsdev.org/ojs/index.php/ejsd/article/view/1132 <p>At the beginning of the 21st century mankind was confronted with such global challenges in various spheres of life as environmental problems, starvation and impoverishment of the majority of the world population, degradation of morality, increasing regional and interethnic conflicts, terrorism and others. The idea of sustainable development is the answer to these challenges today. Legal culture is one of the conditions for sustainable development of Ukrainian society. It allows to rethink the role and importance of state and legal institutions for ensuring sustainable development both at the ordinary and scientific level. This role is revealed by the tasks performed by the legal culture. The formation of the philosophy of sustainable development of the population, an understanding of the values and needs of stakeholders, the involvement of individuals in the system of legal values, and legal support for all activities aimed at achieving the sustainable development goals defined in the final document of the UN Summit on Sustainable Development “Transforming our World: The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development” are among them. Carrying out legal socialization of various subjects of public life, developing an appropriate legal position for them will allow achieving social justice, building the foundations of inclusive development, ensuring the rule of law, eradicating corruption and restoring confidence in the state and its institutions, strengthening social cohesion, ensuring the interaction of state bodies with the public and self-organizing activities of citizens.</p> <p><em>Keywords: sustainable development, legal culture, consciousness, life position, social orientation, consciousness, life position, social orientation, legal values</em></p> Vira Kachur, Svitlana Khomiachenko, Khrystyna Moriak-Protopopova, Liudmyla Protosavitska Copyright (c) 2020 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://www.ecsdev.org/ojs/index.php/ejsd/article/view/1132 Thu, 01 Oct 2020 00:00:00 +0200 Scaling the Mental Health Literacy Amongst Undergraduate Students: A Road Towards Sustainable Development https://www.ecsdev.org/ojs/index.php/ejsd/article/view/1133 <p class="03ABSTRACT"><span lang="EN-US">Thesis Statement: In spite of being globally prevalent, mental illness faces apathy from the community as well as policymakers and is a point of grave social concern.<a name="_Hlk520031561"></a> Health—including mental health—and education are an imperative precondition of achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Education plays a crucial role in inculcating a positive attitude towards mental illness hence high mental health literacy would benefit the society at large. The present research aims to decipher the knowledge and attitude of undergraduate college students towards mental illness. Method: Students of medicine, law and engineering from different colleges in Delhi, India were cross-sectionally surveyed to fathom their attitudinal differences towards mental illness using the CAMI Scale. Results: An affirmative response was observed on Benevolence as well as Community Mental Health Ideology Sub-Scales and a dissenting opinion was identified on the Authoritarian and Social Restrictive Sub-Scales, howbeit significant differences were discerned on the basis of faculty of education. Conclusions and Implications: Results suggested that to accomplish the aspirations of the SDGs there is an ardent need to improve mental health literacy of students. The course curriculum of students needs to be revisited to integrate informative sessions on mental illness. </span></p> <p class="03ABSTRACT"><em><span lang="EN-US">&nbsp;</span><span lang="EN-US">Keywords: Sustainable Development, Education, Mental Health Literacy, CAMI Scale, Undergraduate Students</span></em></p> Sonali Sharma, Upma Gautam, Deeksha Bajpai Tewari Copyright (c) 2020 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://www.ecsdev.org/ojs/index.php/ejsd/article/view/1133 Thu, 01 Oct 2020 00:00:00 +0200 Green Logistics: The Way to Environmental Sustainability of Logistics. Empirical Evidence from Polish SMEs https://www.ecsdev.org/ojs/index.php/ejsd/article/view/1134 <p>The needs related to natural environment protection, which are accentuated both in world literature and practice, became the main prerequisite to find new management concepts enabling the development of solutions which are environmentally responsible and economically effective at the same time. One of the concepts which can be an answer for the requirements related to environment protection is the ‘green logistics’ concept. The literature review shows that publications referring to the development of ‘green logistics’ have&nbsp; so far focused primarily on the processes of implementation and development of ‘green logistics’ in large enterprises. In other words, the reviewed research studies didn’t take into account the specific nature of the SME sector, which is a very important factor considering its diversity and, most of all, its high significance and size in the economy. As a consequence, a research gap related to the development of ‘green logistics’ among small and medium-sized enterprises was identified. To explore the identified research gap, a survey among 200 SMEs running their businesses in Poland was conducted. On the basis of the conducted research, it was revealed that SMEs’ activities related to environment protection when running logistics processes are mostly determined by actual legal provisions. However, this amounts to enterprises reaching a certain minimum related to the state's environmental policy. On the other hand, it’s worth emphasising the role of the supply chain leader, which becomes a strong driving force for implementing ‘green’ solutions in the area of logistics for enterprises with higher levels of ‘green logistics’ development. The research results can be a starting point for creating a model illustrating the development of ‘green logistics’ in the SME sector.</p> <p><em>Keywords: green logistics, environmental sustainability, SME</em></p> Krzysztof Zowada Copyright (c) 2020 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://www.ecsdev.org/ojs/index.php/ejsd/article/view/1134 Thu, 01 Oct 2020 00:00:00 +0200 Certain Aspects of Proceedings in Cassation Instance in Ensuring a Fair Trial to a Person https://www.ecsdev.org/ojs/index.php/ejsd/article/view/1135 <p class="03ABSTRACT"><span lang="EN-US">The right of a person to a fair trial is absolute. This right has a long democratic history, without which no democratic society can be imagined. Without this constitutional scope, the right to a fair trial is the basis for the sustainable development of society, as it ensures legal stability. Litigation in the cassation instance is on the top of right-to-court pyramid. The cassation instance is the last instance in the national judicial system, the decisions of the cassation instance are not subject to appeal; secondly, the court ruling in the cassation instance constitute case law, which is an important auxiliary source of law. This confirms that litigation in the cassation instance is one of the most important tools in securing the right to have a court hearing. The extent of the quality of the legal framework regulating cassation litigation points to the right to a fair trial overall. The study focuses on the issues of cassation litigation. The issues of the right of parties to file a cassation appeal (cassation protest) in civil and criminal cases as well as the jurisdiction of the court in deciding the admissibility of a cassation appeal (cassation protest) are analyzed within the multidisciplinary perspective. The aim of the research is to study the legal framework, which determines the right of a party to submit a cassation appeal (cassation protest) in civil and criminal case in the context of court jurisdiction, when deciding on whether to adopt it in order to make proposals for enhancement of the legal framework. There were used the descriptive, analytical and deduction-induction methods as well as the methods of interpretation of legal norms. Using these methods, legislation and the views of legal scholars were analyzed, and conclusions were drawn. </span></p> <p class="03ABSTRACT"><span lang="EN-US">&nbsp;</span><em><span lang="EN-US">Keywords: cassation, court proceedings, right to a fair trial</span></em></p> Inga Kudeikina, Sandra Kaija Copyright (c) 2020 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://www.ecsdev.org/ojs/index.php/ejsd/article/view/1135 Thu, 01 Oct 2020 00:00:00 +0200 Traces of Social Sustainability in Garden Cities- Karlsruhe as a Case Study https://www.ecsdev.org/ojs/index.php/ejsd/article/view/1136 <p class="03ABSTRACT"><span lang="EN-US">Discussions about sustainable communities as a significant measure in social sustainability began in the 2000s. Sustainable communities are defined as places in which existing and future generations would like to work and live. They contribute to the well-being and quality of life and offer equal opportunities to their residents. The definitions are similar to the objectives of one of the most influential movements in the history of urban planning: the Garden City. The principles of the Garden City are applicable to new and existing towns and its concept has been adopted in different contexts until today. Therefore, many lessons can be learnt regarding sustainable urbanism by studying social sustainability in this type of urban settlement. As a first step towards this aim, this paper studies the experience of living in the Garden City of Karlsruhe today. A survey was conducted among the current inhabitants. The study shows a high level of satisfaction and the tendency for a long residency in the Garden City because of the reasons like ample greenery, central location, and quietness of the settlement. The results will be used as the first dataset for developing a framework for urban social sustainability in the Garden Cities. </span></p> <p class="03ABSTRACT"><em><span lang="EN-US">&nbsp;</span><span lang="EN-US">Keywords: sustainable urbanism, social sustainability, sustainable communities, user satisfaction, Garden Cities</span></em></p> Mahsa Bagheri Copyright (c) 2020 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://www.ecsdev.org/ojs/index.php/ejsd/article/view/1136 Thu, 01 Oct 2020 00:00:00 +0200 Oil and Fat Business of Ukraine: Marketing Orientation for Achieving Competitive Advantages https://www.ecsdev.org/ojs/index.php/ejsd/article/view/1137 <p>The article examines theoretical approaches to achieving the competitive advantages of Ukrainian oil and fat enterprises in modern market conditions. Special attention is paid to the peculiarities of the use in business management of marketing concepts of business organization, which are oriented at the market, needs of consumers, society and other stakeholders. The most effective results for the enterprises are provided by the implementation of marketing management concepts that are oriented at identifying and meeting consumer demand as well as consideration of the interests of all other stakeholders in the supply chain of oil and fat products, the individual, community and society, i.e. concepts of marketing interaction and holistic marketing.</p> <p>The supply chain of oil and fat products includes the economic interests of business entities that develop varieties of oil and fat seeds, machinery and technology, supply of resources, production of raw materials, processing, storage and transportation, etc. A key position in the supply chain is occupied by the consumer. The success of the marketing strategy of the enterprise depends on the degree of consideration of the interests of the individual, communities, society and the state.</p> <p>It is concluded that oil and fat companies in the food industry can gain sustainable competitive advantages due to integration efforts aimed to form agricultural and food clusters in local geographical areas from all stakeholders and relationships in the supply chain of oil and fat products including suppliers, manufacturers, intermediaries, consumers, government and other organizations, etc.</p> <p><em>Keywords: oil and fat business, marketing orientation, competitive advantages, supply chain, stakeholders, interests, oil and fat cluster.</em></p> Olga Gonchar, Nataliia Zamkova, Iryna Polishchuk, Yuriy Dovhan, Valentyna Sokolovska Copyright (c) 2020 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://www.ecsdev.org/ojs/index.php/ejsd/article/view/1137 Thu, 01 Oct 2020 00:00:00 +0200 Influencers - Contemporary Authorities of the Young Generation? https://www.ecsdev.org/ojs/index.php/ejsd/article/view/1138 <p class="03ABSTRACT"><span lang="EN-US">Over the past decade computers and smartphones connected to the internet have become widespread, that is why they are now an inseparable element of all ages people's life, especially young people who do not remember the times when such devices were not used. It is commonly used saying that present-day youth "were born with a smartphone in their hands." In the Network young people lead their social life, search for information on various topics and also watch social networking sites, where so-called influencers i.e. network celebrities run their thematic profiles. Content posted by influencers is not always valuable and it happens that they cross the law line and push the boundaries of good taste. An example can be currently popular “patostreams” i.e. live broadcasts, during which behaviors considered as social deviations are presented such as domestic violence, alcohol libations or vulgar discussions. The goal of influencers is to arouse interest in their profile in social media which translates into the number of followers and in turn is supposed to contribute followers’ decisions (e.g. shopping) and opinions on the topics presented. Young people, who have no experience and critical overview and their maturity is just developing, often spend many hours a week in the virtual space watching influencer messages. The article will attempt to answer the questions on how young people approach the content presented by influencers, whether influencers shape followers opinions and decisions in various aspects of life and whether they are authorities to be imitated and trusted.</span></p> <p class="03ABSTRACT"><em><span lang="EN-US">&nbsp;</span><span lang="EN-US">Keywords: influencer, celebrity, influence, internet, youth</span></em></p> Katarzyna Garwol Copyright (c) 2020 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://www.ecsdev.org/ojs/index.php/ejsd/article/view/1138 Thu, 01 Oct 2020 00:00:00 +0200 The Aesthetic and Plastic Values for the Concept of Synthesis through the Ages and the Variables of Material and Designing the Hanging Textile https://www.ecsdev.org/ojs/index.php/ejsd/article/view/1139 <p>Synthesis means intermarriage and compatibility between more than one raw material in a single artwork. Interacting with its various properties and sources to reach a balance between expressive and technical aspects within the framework of the technical and technical capabilities of that raw material. By adding raw materials, they are woven with textured structures or by the new method developed through the art of gluing or collage and the art of assembly through deletion and addition within the scope of plastic treatments of the textile surface or by using both the traditional and the new method combined to merge between Woven materials and added media on the surface of the artwork. The research deals with synthesis through the ages (the ancient Egyptian - Coptic - Islamic - popular) and some schools of modern art (Cubism - Dada - Pop Art) and some pioneers in plastic art in Egypt (Munir Kanaan - Ahmed Nawar - Farghali Abdul Hafeez - Zainab Sabra).</p> <p>Research Problem: - To what extent can the aesthetic and plastic values ​​be benefited from the different treatments of natural and synthetic textile materials for the concept of synthesis?</p> <p>Research Aims: - Revealing the aesthetic, plastic, and artistic values ​​of the synthesis method throughout the ages to find new approaches to teaching manual fabric. - Create innovative aesthetic values ​​and formulations on the surface of the tissue sphere. The current research provides a program consisting of 3 teaching entrances that depend on a number of key and sub-concepts proposed for the concept of synthesis through art education.</p> <p>Keywords: The Aesthetic - Plastic Values - The Concept of Synthesis – Variables of Material and designing - Hanging Textile</p> Nahla Ahmed Hamdy El-Deeb Copyright (c) 2020 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://www.ecsdev.org/ojs/index.php/ejsd/article/view/1139 Thu, 01 Oct 2020 00:00:00 +0200 Forms and Consequences of the Cyber Threats and Extortion Phenomenon https://www.ecsdev.org/ojs/index.php/ejsd/article/view/1141 <p>Cyber threats and extortionate communications usually aim to influence the behavior or obtain compliance from victims. The phenomenon includes a wide range of forms, such as intimate partner violence; violence against women; dating abuse; sexual harassment; sexual coercion and extortion; etc. The victimization is linked to personal insecurity or disruption, mental and physical health, work or school performance, may represent a high financial burden, affecting negatively the sustainable development in a number of ways. The scale, scope, and challenges posed by this criminal phenomenon cannot be overstated. A deep analysis of the nature and extent of cyber extortion and threat is an essential component in the design of control strategies and programs. This research aims to provide an in-depth examination of the cyber threats and extortion phenomenon. The approach is interdisciplinary and empirically-informed. The analysis was done on a large number of cases and provides a comprehensive description of the essential characteristics of the phenomenon, including forms, communication vectors, and consequences for victims. The article concludes with recommendations for effectively addressing the phenomenon.</p> <p><em>Keywords: Cybercrime, Extortion, Speech, Threats, Violence, Discrimination, Ransomware</em></p> Ioana Vasiu, Lucian Vasiu Copyright (c) 2020 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://www.ecsdev.org/ojs/index.php/ejsd/article/view/1141 Thu, 01 Oct 2020 00:00:00 +0200 Geological- and Chemical-Based Environmental Risk Factor Sustainability Model https://www.ecsdev.org/ojs/index.php/ejsd/article/view/1142 <p>An environmental sustainability model that integrates natural and anthropogenic factors was developed and tested for 10 years. The model is composed of calculated geological risk factors, chemical risk factors, and operational aspects of environmental regulatory requirements which are integrated into a comprehensive environmental sustainability model. The model was tested at 67 operating industrial manufacturing facilities in 12 countries over a period of 10 years. The results achieved included measured reductions of environmental impacts to air, land, and water from 5% to more than 95% of operational aspects compared to pre-model values. A significant catalyst for model success was identifying and applying innovative leadership and management principles that were required to modify business objectives and culture from purely capitalist incentives and objectives to sustainability-oriented goals. This was accomplished through a clear and understandable model, stated objectives, incentives, rewards and penalties, measuring results, data analysis, identifying and communicating areas where improvement was needed, model adaptations, transparent communication and feedback, and flexible timelines. The results indicate that the model can be scaled from the parcel to global level, assuming management and leadership principles are in place and properly supported.</p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong><em>Keywords: Sustainability model, contaminant risk, geologic vulnerability</em></p> Daniel T. Rogers Copyright (c) 2020 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://www.ecsdev.org/ojs/index.php/ejsd/article/view/1142 Thu, 01 Oct 2020 00:00:00 +0200 Sustainable Public Spending Through Blockchain https://www.ecsdev.org/ojs/index.php/ejsd/article/view/1143 <p>Blockchain technology and its industrial use cases can be detected worldwide. It is time for the state to think about the blockchain as an opportunity to reduce costs and build trust in the public spending. The paper and the presentation give an overview on how the state can apply the distributed ledger technology (DLT) and blockchain technology in the public administration: there are several countries with best practices already, and even more are in the introduction phase of opening to Industry 4.0 in the public services as well.</p> <p>On the field of FinTech area the state has great responsibility to regulate (or at least define) the phenomena of cryptocurrencies, that is already in use for more than 10 years now without any responsible governmental acts. Within this topic the Central Bank Digital Currency projects are also discussed in the paper, which are supported by IMF, and declared as the next natural step forward on financial markets.</p> <p><em>Keywords: blockchain, DLT, SDG, public spending</em></p> Judit Glavanits Copyright (c) 2020 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://www.ecsdev.org/ojs/index.php/ejsd/article/view/1143 Thu, 01 Oct 2020 00:00:00 +0200 Criteria for Assessing the Energy-Ecological Effectiveness of using the Sludge of Waste Treatment Plants as Components of Liquid Composite Fuels https://www.ecsdev.org/ojs/index.php/ejsd/article/view/1144 <p>The challenging issues in the sustainable development of a state currently are the problems of protecting the environment from contamination, increasing the capacity of systems for recycling and reusing water, and the development of resource saving and non-waste technologies. The authors have developed and introduced the technology of hydrocavitation activation of liquid hydrocarbons to create composite fuels that can contain off-spec hydrocarbons, including stale fuel oil, oil tanker outwashes, stillage bottoms, coal, bio mass, industrial wastes and the sludge of wastewater treatment plants. The main criteria were defined for assessing the energy-ecological effectiveness of using sludge in municipal wastewater as a component of composite fuels. The criteria are as follows: the calorific capacity of the fuel mixture, the energy effectiveness of its use as an energy resource, consumer properties, and the environmental performance of combusting this kind of fuel. Using these criteria during the production and combustion of composite fuels obtained with hydrocavitation activation allows producing high-quality fuel mixtures with specified thermophysical and consumer properties. This opens the prospects of more effective usage of hydrocarbon resources and of solving simultaneously two problems: the production of surplus energy and environmental load reduction during the disposal and neutralisation of moisture-containing waste.</p> <p><em>Keywords: sludge; hydrocarbon resources; hydrocavitation activation; composite fuels; waste disposal and neutralisation</em></p> Iryna Suvorova, Oleh Kravchenko, Vitalii Goman, Ihor Baranov Copyright (c) 2020 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://www.ecsdev.org/ojs/index.php/ejsd/article/view/1144 Thu, 01 Oct 2020 00:00:00 +0200 Legal Support of the Patient's Right to Innovation in Health https://www.ecsdev.org/ojs/index.php/ejsd/article/view/1145 <p>The article discusses certain aspects of legal regulation of patients' rights to innovations in healthcare sector. The subject of the study is the legislative acts on human rights in healthcare field, forms and types of human rights and directions for their implementation. Attention is focused on such types of patients' rights to innovations in healthcare field: (1) right to biomedical experiments; (2) right to reproductive technology; (3) right to donation;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; (4) right to transplant organs and anatomical materials; (5) right to therapeutic cloning; (6) right to change gender;&nbsp;&nbsp; (7) right to virtual reality. Essence of “innovation in medicine” is revealed, classification of human rights is given.</p> <p>The purpose of the article is to disclose the features of legal regulation of implementation of the patients rights to innovations in healthcare field. The methodology of this work is based on a set of research methods. The comparative method was used to elucidate the legal aspects of the patients rights to innovations in healthcare sector. Using the method of theoretical analysis, systemic and analytical methods, the term “patients' rights to innovations in healthcare field” was established, their varieties were characterized. Introduction of effective innovative models in health sector in context of patient rights will improve the availability and quality of provision of medical services to the population. It has been established that an important element in the implementation of innovative technologies in healthcare sector is the regulatory framework, which must comply with international standards.</p> <p><em>&nbsp;Key words: health sector, innovation, legal regulation, patient rights</em></p> Oleksandr Shevchuk, Oleksandr Lysodyed, Igor Borysenko, Oleg Bululukov, Oleksandra Babaieva Copyright (c) 2020 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://www.ecsdev.org/ojs/index.php/ejsd/article/view/1145 Thu, 01 Oct 2020 00:00:00 +0200 Poverty of Leadership, Coronavirus and Sustainable Development in Nigeria https://www.ecsdev.org/ojs/index.php/ejsd/article/view/1146 <p>Historically, Nigeria as a socio-political formation has experienced and still experiencing about 21 years of uninterrupted democratic rule since the civilian takeover of leadership through the ballot box from the military in May 1999. All over the world, civilian or democratic leadership is remarkable for its freedom of expression/speech, rule of law, quality leadership through the provision of infrastructure, health care facilities, quality education and other social amenities. This paper which shall use analytic, expository and rational methods argued that poor leadership, in appropriate policies and pursuit of personal drives have denied the masses the benefit of good leadership and governance. The paper argues further that absence of leadership credentials and rationality have further placed Nigeria on a cross road thereby making it unable to take appropriate steps in combating the novel coronavirus pandemic. Leadership ineptitudeness, political and financial rascality, corruption and high –level ethnic and religious profligacy have denied the people adequate development of education and health sector, which made it difficult for Nigeria to respond positively in the fight against coronavirus. The paper concludes, that consistent and pragmatic elimination/erosion of ethno-religious, linguistic and cultural boundaries from our consciousness will birth into positive mental restructuring of the leadership class that will navigate into a process of positive direction that will make Nigeria to respond positively towards finding solution to problems rather than depending on the west, development of home grown medicine remains a combative therapy in a hopeless situation such as this 2020 global living.</p> <p><em>Keywords: Poverty, Coronavirus, Leadership, Sustainable, Development</em></p> Ephraim Ahamefula Ikegbu, Godwin C. S. Iwuchukwu, Ekanem Samuel Aloysius, Chrisantus Kanayochukwu Ariche Copyright (c) 2020 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://www.ecsdev.org/ojs/index.php/ejsd/article/view/1146 Thu, 01 Oct 2020 00:00:00 +0200 Approaches to Defining a Television Format as one of Intellectual Property Law objects: Ukrainian and Foreign Experiences https://www.ecsdev.org/ojs/index.php/ejsd/article/view/1147 <p>In this article the author analyzes theoretical approaches which were formulated due to the appearance of complex objects of Intellectual Property Law. The attention is concentrated on the analysis of concepts that investigate the legal nature of a television format. The author considers that it is necessary to differentiate a positive approach which recognizes that a format is an object of Intellectual Property Law and negative approach which denies the possibility of television formats protection.</p> <p>Through the method of comparison between the scientific doctrine and judicial practice in the countries of the Romano-Germanic and Anglo-Saxon legal systems, the author classifies concepts to be developed by theoretic community. Thus, negative approach of the Romano-Germanic Legal system countries is confirmed by normative legal acts which relate to the ideas, methods and concepts. Representatives of the Anglo-Saxon Legal system make it impossible to protect a format within the doctrines: "scene a fair", "idea\expression", "merger", etc. The author prefers the positive approach which is divided into the following concepts of the analysis of a format: as a dramatic work (according to Copyright Law), as a hybrid object, as a synthetic object, as a compilation, as a complex object of IP Law.</p> <p>The author gives the definition to a television format, explains its legal nature, and views a format as one related to the concept of complex Intellectual Property Law objects. She analyzes judicial practice which has developed in Ukraine and abroad. Taking into consideration the fact that relations which are connected with the distribution of a format have not only national, but also global character, it is important to unify the given approaches and to use them in legislature. It is relevant to enhance and standardize the legislation in the television field which would contribute to the development of contractual relations between the countries.</p> <p><em>Keywords:&nbsp; tv-format, television format, complex object, hybrid object, intellectual property</em></p> Alena Sylkina Copyright (c) 2020 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://www.ecsdev.org/ojs/index.php/ejsd/article/view/1147 Thu, 01 Oct 2020 00:00:00 +0200 Youth Organizations’ Promotion of Education for Sustainable Development Competencies: A Case Study https://www.ecsdev.org/ojs/index.php/ejsd/article/view/1148 <p>This paper details how two popular non-formal actors at Vietnamese universities, the Youth Union and youth environmental clubs, promote engagement by student teachers in sustainability. Though their activities were found to have enhanced students’ awareness of environment and sustainability, there remain two categories of constraints, internal and external, preventing students from proactive performance in sustainability. Based on an analysis of each organization’s strength and weaknesses, and on students’ demands, the authors suggest four steps to improve sustainability planning, including establishment of a hub of sustainability promotion, fostering sustainability leadership, conceiving a systematic action plan, and creating a communication network to promote students’ active efforts towards sustainability</p> <p>Keywords: youth, sustainability-linked activities, education for sustainable development</p> Thi Kinh Kieu, Jane Singer Copyright (c) 2020 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://www.ecsdev.org/ojs/index.php/ejsd/article/view/1148 Thu, 01 Oct 2020 00:00:00 +0200 Integration of Economic Aspects in the Research of the Agricultural Market of Ukraine https://www.ecsdev.org/ojs/index.php/ejsd/article/view/1149 <p>The necessity and importance of conducting agricultural market research was substantiated. Features of the process of marketing research were identified, taking into account the specifics of agricultural production and sales according to time requirements. The basic principles on the basis of which the algorithms for conducting market research are developed and directly carried out were determined. The main requirements for conducting research on the state of the agricultural market were outlined, the most important being objectivity, impartiality and independence from personal or political interests. The factors that should be taken into account when conducting marketing research on the state of the agricultural market were determined, taking into account both controllable and uncontrollable factors of the marketing environment. The stages of marketing research that meet the requirements of the agricultural market were offered. Gross production volume of agricultural products was predicted and trends in the whole branch were discovered, a polynomial trend line was chosen because the equation of this model has the highest coefficients of correlation and determination, and so it describes the dynamics most reliably. The agricultural market was studied in terms of marketing, i.e. from the perspective of two subsystems, the first of which is represented by the supply, and the second by the demand. It was established that the supply of basic foodstuffs is realised by means of domestic production, and the demand is realised by means of internal and external buyers.</p> <p>The overall price situation on the agricultural market in Ukraine was analysed and predicted. The contemporary features and problems of formation of prices for agricultural products are outlined. The research on the modern state of agricultural market gave a reason to claim about its development being rather steady, reaffirmed by the positive dynamics of gross agricultural production volume.</p> <p><em>Key Words: agricultural marketing, marketing research, economy, development trend, agricultural market, agricultural produce.</em></p> Iryna Sievidova, Elina Pakhucha, Olexandr Oliynyk, Tamila Oliynyk, Serhii Plyhun Copyright (c) 2020 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://www.ecsdev.org/ojs/index.php/ejsd/article/view/1149 Thu, 01 Oct 2020 00:00:00 +0200 Inclusive Education for Ethnic Minorities in the Developing World: The Case of Alternative Learning System for Indigenous Peoples in the Philippines https://www.ecsdev.org/ojs/index.php/ejsd/article/view/1150 <p>Education is integral to achieving sustainable development.&nbsp; It is through education that an improved quality of life ensues with people’s acquisition of knowledge and skills beneficial to society, at large. Inclusive education, however, is an issue among countries with marginalized ethnic groups. In Europe, the onslaught of migrants from various parts of the world challenges educational systems to be more attuned to the needs of children of migrant families. In Asia, on the other hand, a gnawing concern is for education to reach indigenous peoples in rural areas. This paper examines how inclusive education is key to accomplishing Sustainable Development Goal 4 which is “to ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all”.&nbsp; It tackles the accessibility of alternative learning systems in the developing world, with the Philippines as a case in point.&nbsp; This paper focuses on the process of interface utilized by the Philippines’ Department of Education and the Ayta, an indigenous group living in the Philippine province of Zambales to address the unique conditions of this marginalized ethnic minority. It also investigates the effects of these indigenization efforts on the Ayta’s cultural rights. This paper uses mixed methods such as key informant interview, focus group discussion, survey questionnaire, secondary research and Filipino psychology research methods. This paper underscores how partnership between government and stakeholders is significant in arriving at the goal of inclusive education. This is reflected in the collaborative relationship fostered between the Philippine government and the Ayta and how the partnership positively affected the Ayta’s cultural rights based on a more culturally-appropriate educational curriculum.</p> <p><em>Key words: inclusive education, indigenous people’s education framework, alternative learning system, ethnic minorities, Philippines</em></p> Maria Rita R. Cucio , Ma. Divina Gracia Z. Roldan Copyright (c) 2020 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://www.ecsdev.org/ojs/index.php/ejsd/article/view/1150 Thu, 01 Oct 2020 00:00:00 +0200