Motivation in the Teaching Process of Young Offenders at the Institute of Re-Integration, Kavajë
Teenagers, especially boys, often engage in deviant behavior and in actions that lead them into conflict with the law. Generally they come from a troubled past, problematic / poor families or divorced parents, and often have early left school and / or are poorly or not educated at all. Throughout this study will be considered the real possibilities of adolescents in conflict with the law and their motivation in education for qualitative participation referring the Reintegration Institute for Minors in Kavaja, as a model institution in Albania, compared to other institutions. It is the responsibility of the institution to provide all the neccessary facilities to the juvenile so they can attend compulsory education. After the end of the school year, juveniles are provided with relevant certificates, equivalent to those provided by schools of the same level, outside the institution. The purpose of the study concerns the identification of approaches, methods and techniques for promoting a motivational attitude in pursuing the educational process of the adolescents in conflict with the law. This is a mixed study, qualitative and quantitative. Subjects participating in the study will be: 40 juvenile in conflict with law, aged from 14 to 18 years old, at the Institute of Juvenile Reintegration in Kavaja, who have been pursuing the educational process for the time period from January to April 2014, with whom semi-structured interviews, free discussions and observations have been conducted, of the interactive behavior of juveniles during the teaching hours in the classroom. Other participating subjects were the multidisciplinary team of this institute, consisting of psychologists, social workers, teaching specialists, education specialists who monitor the educational process and motivate minors to attend this activity. Another important section of the study is the interviewing of the five teachers of the 9-year compulsory education , that is actualy applied at the IRM, Kavaja. The results of the study outline the importance of the approaches, methods, techniques specific to the individual and social plan that encourage the motivation of the teenager in conflict with the law in the 9-year fundamental education process, through their individual improvement and their social skills.
Key words: adolescent, conflict with the law, educational process, motivation, teaching techniques.